Stepper motors are not just rated by voltage. The following elements characterize a given steppermotor:
Stepper motors usually have a voltage rating. This is either printed directly on the unit, or is specified in the motor's datasheet. Exceeding the rated voltage is sometimes necessary to obtain the desired torque from a given motor, but doing so may produce excessive heat and/or shorten the life of the motor.
Resistance-per-winding is another characteristic of a stepper motor. This resistance will determine current draw of the motor, as well as affect the motor's torque curve and maximum operating speed.
Degrees per step
This is often the most important factor in choosing a stepper motor for a given application. This factor specifies the number of degrees the shaft will rotate for each full step. Half step operation of the motor will double the number of steps/revolution, and cut the degrees-per-step in half. For unmarked motors, it is often possible to carefully count, by hand, the number of steps per revolution of the motor. The degrees per step can be calculated by dividing 360 by the number of steps in 1 complete revolution Common degree/step numbers include: 0.72, 1.8, 3.6, 7.5, 15, and even 90. Degrees per step is often referred to as the resolution of the motor. As in the case of an unmarked motor, if a motor has only the number of steps/revolution printed on it, dividing 360 by this number will yield the degree/step value.